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Saint Sebastian - Faithful witnessing to Christ
Saint Sebastian - Faithful witnessing to Christ
Saint Sebastian - Faithful witnessing to Christ
 
 
 

 
 

Martyrdom of Saint Sebastian by Giovanni Antonio Bazzi (1477-1549), known as Il Sodoma; 1525; Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy;
commons.wikimedia.org
 
 
Faithful witnessing to Christ
From the commentary of Psalm 118 by Saint Ambrose, bishop
(Cap. 20:43-45, 48: CSEL 62, 466-368)


One must suffer through much so as to enter into the kingdom of God. Many are the persecutions; many are the trials and tests; therefore, many shall be the crowns obtained, as many are the combats. It is beneficial for you that there be many persecutors, since by this great variety of persecutions you will more easily find the means by which you will be crowned.

Let us use today the example of the martyr Sebastian, whose birthday in glory we celebrate today.

This saint was born in Milan. From there perhaps the persecutor had marched away; or the persecutor had not arrived to that region; or, the persecution was milder. The point is that Sebastian saw that in Milan the combat was either non-existent, or was very attenuated.

He thus marched to Rome, where persecution intensified due to the faith of the Christians there. He thus suffered martyrdom in Rome; there, he received the deserved crown. There, where he had arrived as a temporary resident, he established the domicile of his permanent eternity. If there had only been one persecutor, most certainly this martyr would not have been crowned.

For, aside from the persecutors that can be seen, there are others that are not seen; these are worse and much more numerous.

In the same way that a single persecutor, the emperor, sent off to many his decrees of persecution and thus there were many diverse persecutors in each one of the cities and provinces, so also the devil avails himself of many of his own ministers who provoke persecutions; not just external ones, but also inner ones, in the souls of each person.

With regards to these persecutions, Scripture says: all those who propose to live piously in Christ will be persecuted. Here it refers to all; nobody is exempted. Who could consider themselves exempted, if the Lord Himself bore the very proof of persecution?

How many there are who every day practice this hidden martyrdom and confess the Lord Jesus! The Apostle also knows of this martyrdom and of the faithful testimony of Christ, as he says: if we can boast of anything, it is of the testimony of our own conscience.


Translated from the Spanish by Jan Paul von Wendt - intcatlh.blogspot.com  (Catholic Intelligence)


Psalm 118, Verses 145-152 (COPH)
Promise to observe the law of God 
1

I invoke You with all my heart:
respond to me, Lord, and I will keep Your laws;
To You I clamor: save me,
and I will keep Your decrees;
I step forward to the aurora, asking for delivering help,
awaiting Your words.

My eyes look forward to the vigils,
meditating on Your promise;
listen to my voice with Your mercy;
with Your commandments give me life;
my iniquitous persecutors are now nearing,
yet they are so far from Your will.

You Lord, are near,
and all Your commandments are firm;
It's been some time now since I comprehended that Your precepts
You have founded them for all time.


_______________________________________________
1The Bible of Jerusalem gives this psalm, the longest in the Psaltery and which our Liturgy only quotes verses 144 to 152, the title of Elogies of the Divine Law The eight double verses of each stanza begin with one of the 22 letters of the Hebrew alphabet, and each one of them, with the exception of verse 122, contains one of the terms that define the Law: verdict, ordinance, precept, commandment, promise, word, judgment, path. The word Law and its synonyms are to be taken in the widest sense of revealed teaching, just as the prophets have taught. This psalm sings to the excellencies of the Divine Law, responding and countering the skeptics who live outside its margins. The Law is the reflection of the Divine Will, and for this reason it must be the object of constant meditation. The style is sapiential. The Law is exalted in all its facets.
1The Bible of Jerusalem gives this psalm, the longest in the Psaltery and which our Liturgy only quotes verses 145 to 152, the title of Elogies of the Divine Law The eight double verses of each stanza begin with one of the 22 letters of the Hebrew alphabet, and each one of them, with the exception of verse 122, contains one of the terms that define the Law: verdict, ordinance, precept, commandment, promise, word, judgment, path. The word Law and its synonyms are to be taken in the widest sense of revealed teaching, just as the prophets have taught. This psalm sings to the excellencies of the Divine Law, responding and countering the skeptics who live outside its margins. The Law is the reflection of the Divine Will, and for this reason it must be the object of constant meditation. The style is sapiential. The Law is exalted in all its facets.


Translated from the Spanish by Jan Paul von Wendt - franciscanos.org  (Franciscan Directory)


 
Faithful witnessing to Christ
From the commentary of Psalm 118 by Saint Ambrose, bishop
(Cap. 20:43-45, 48: CSEL 62, 466-368)


One must suffer through much so as to enter into the kingdom of God. Many are the persecutions; many are the trials and tests; therefore, many shall be the crowns obtained, as many are the combats. It is beneficial for you that there be many persecutors, since by this great variety of persecutions you will more easily find the means by which you will be crowned.

Let us use today the example of the martyr Sebastian, whose birthday in glory we celebrate today.

This saint was born in Milan. From there perhaps the persecutor had marched away; or the persecutor had not arrived to that region; or, the persecution was milder. The point is that Sebastian saw that in Milan the combat was either non-existent, or was very attenuated.

He thus marched to Rome, where persecution intensified due to the faith of the Christians there. He thus suffered martyrdom in Rome; there, he received the deserved crown. There, where he had arrived as a temporary resident, he established the domicile of his permanent eternity. If there had only been one persecutor, most certainly this martyr would not have been crowned.

For, aside from the persecutors that can be seen, there are others that are not seen; these are worse and much more numerous.

In the same way that a single persecutor, the emperor, sent off to many his decrees of persecution and thus there were many diverse persecutors in each one of the cities and provinces, so also the devil avails himself of many of his own ministers who provoke persecutions; not just external ones, but also inner ones, in the souls of each person.

With regards to these persecutions, Scripture says: all those who propose to live piously in Christ will be persecuted. Here it refers to all; nobody is exempted. Who could consider themselves exempted, if the Lord Himself bore the very proof of persecution?

How many there are who every day practice this hidden martyrdom and confess the Lord Jesus! The Apostle also knows of this martyrdom and of the faithful testimony of Christ, as he says: if we can boast of anything, it is of the testimony of our own conscience.


Translated from the Spanish by Jan Paul von Wendt - intcatlh.blogspot.com  (Catholic Intelligence)


Psalm 118, Verses 145-152 (COPH)
Promise to observe the law of God 
1

I invoke You with all my heart:
respond to me, Lord, and I will keep Your laws;
To You I clamor: save me,
and I will keep Your decrees;
I step forward to the aurora, asking for delivering help,
awaiting Your words.

My eyes look forward to the vigils,
meditating on Your promise;
listen to my voice with Your mercy;
with Your commandments give me life;
my iniquitous persecutors are now nearing,
yet they are so far from Your will.

You Lord, are near,
and all Your commandments are firm;
It's been some time now since I comprehended that Your precepts
You have founded them for all time.


_______________________________________________
1The Bible of Jerusalem gives this psalm, the longest in the Psaltery and which our Liturgy only quotes verses 144 to 152, the title of Elogies of the Divine Law The eight double verses of each stanza begin with one of the 22 letters of the Hebrew alphabet, and each one of them, with the exception of verse 122, contains one of the terms that define the Law: verdict, ordinance, precept, commandment, promise, word, judgment, path. The word Law and its synonyms are to be taken in the widest sense of revealed teaching, just as the prophets have taught. This psalm sings to the excellencies of the Divine Law, responding and countering the skeptics who live outside its margins. The Law is the reflection of the Divine Will, and for this reason it must be the object of constant meditation. The style is sapiential. The Law is exalted in all its facets.
1The Bible of Jerusalem gives this psalm, the longest in the Psaltery and which our Liturgy only quotes verses 145 to 152, the title of Elogies of the Divine Law The eight double verses of each stanza begin with one of the 22 letters of the Hebrew alphabet, and each one of them, with the exception of verse 122, contains one of the terms that define the Law: verdict, ordinance, precept, commandment, promise, word, judgment, path. The word Law and its synonyms are to be taken in the widest sense of revealed teaching, just as the prophets have taught. This psalm sings to the excellencies of the Divine Law, responding and countering the skeptics who live outside its margins. The Law is the reflection of the Divine Will, and for this reason it must be the object of constant meditation. The style is sapiential. The Law is exalted in all its facets.


Translated from the Spanish by Jan Paul von Wendt - franciscanos.org  (Franciscan Directory)


 
 
 
 
January 20 - Saint Sebastian (256-287) - Faithful witnessing to Christ - from the Commentary on Psalm 118 Saint Ambrose (337-397), Bishop


 
 

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top
X
OUR FATHER

Our Father, Who Art In Heaven
Hallowed Be Thy Name.
Thy Kingdom come,
Thy Will be done
On earth as it is in Heaven.
Give us this day our daily bread
And forgive us our trespasses
As we forgive those who trespass against us.
Liberate us from all temptation[*]
And deliver us from all evil. Amen



[*] Liberate us is in keeping with the original Latin text.
       God usually does not "lead us" to temptation
       (unless we are tested),
       but gives us the grace to overcome and/or resist it
X
HAIL MARY

Hail Mary, full of grace
The Lord is with thee.
Blessed art though among women,
And blessed is the fruit
Of thy womb, Jesus.
 
Holy Mary, Mary of God
Pray for us sinners
Now, and in the hour
Of our death. Amen


 
X
APOSTLE'S CREED

I believe in God, the Father Almighty Creator of Heaven and earth;
And in Jesus Christ, His Only Son, our Lord;
Who was conceived by the
[work and grace of the] Holy Ghost,[*]
Born of the Virgin Mary,
Suffered under Pontius Pilate,
Was crucified, died and was buried.
He descended into the Dead.[**]
On the third day, He rose again;
He ascended into Heaven,
And sits at the right hand of God,
the Father Almighty.
From thence he shall come to judge
the living and the dead.
 
I believe in the Holy Ghost,[*]
The Holy Catholic Church,
The communion of saints,
The forgiveness of sins.
The resurrection of the body,
And life everlasting. Amen


[*] Holy Ghost: may be substituted with the current Holy Spirit.
[**] the Dead: "inferi", the underworld or the dead in Latin.
X
GLORIA

Glory be to the Father, and to the Son,
and to the Holy Ghost[*],
as it was in the beginning, is now,
and ever shall be, world without end.
Amen

[*] Holy Ghost: may be substituted with the current Holy Spirit.
X
DE PROFUNDIS

Out of the depths I have cried to Thee, O Lord:
Lord, hear my voice.
Let Thine ears be attentive
to the voice of my supplication.

If thou, O Lord, wilt mark iniquities:
Lord, who shall abide it.
For with Thee there is merciful forgiveness:
and because of Thy law,
I have waited for Thee, O Lord.

My soul hath waited on His word:
my soul hath hoped in the Lord.
From the morning-watch even until night,
let Israel hope in the Lord.

For with the Lord there is mercy:
and with Him plenteous redemption.
And He shall redeem Israel
from all her iniquities.

Glory be to the Father, and to the Son,
and to the Holy Ghost[*],
as it was in the beginning, is now,
and ever shall be, world without end.
Amen

[*] Holy Ghost: may be substituted with the current Holy Spirit.
X
DE PROFUNDIS

Out of the depths I have cried to Thee, O Lord:
Lord, hear my voice.
Let Thine ears be attentive to the voice
of my supplication.

If thou, O Lord, wilt mark iniquities:
Lord, who shall abide it.
For with Thee there is merciful forgiveness:
and because of Thy law,
I have waited for Thee, O Lord.

My soul hath waited on His word:
my soul hath hoped in the Lord.
From the morning-watch even until night,
let Israel hope in the Lord.

For with the Lord there is mercy:
and with Him plenteous redemption.
And He shall redeem Israel
from all his iniquities.

V. Eternal rest give unto them, O Lord.
R. And let perpetual light shine upon them.
V. From the gate of hell.
R. Deliver their souls, O Lord.
V. May then rest in peace.
R. Amen.
V. O Lord, hear my prayer.
R. And let my cry come unto Thee.
V. The Lord be with you.
R. And with Thy Spirit.

(50 days indulgence to all who pray the De Profundis with V. and R.
"Requiem aeternam" (Eternal Rest) three times a day.
Pope Leo XIII, February 3, 1888)


Let us pray:
O God, the Creator and Redeemer of all
the faithful, we beseech Thee to grant
to the souls of Thy servants the remission
of their sins, so that by our prayers
they may obtain pardon for which they long.
O Lord, who lives and reigns,
world without end. Amen

May they rest in peace. Amen

CERRAR
SIGUIENTE
PADRE NUESTRO

Padre Nuestro,
que estas en los Cielos
Santificado sea Tu Nombre;
Venga a nosotros tu Reino;
Hágase Tu Voluntad
en la tierra como en el cielo.
Danos hoy nuestro pan de cada día;
Perdona nuestras ofensas,
Como también nosotros
perdonamos a los que nos ofenden,
No nos dejes caer en la tentación,
y líbranos del mal. Amén
 
CERRAR
SIGUIENTE
AVE MARÍA

Dios te salve, María,
llena eres de gracia;
El Señor es Contigo;
Bendita Tú eres
entre todas las mujeres,
Y bendito es el fruto
De tu vientre, Jesús.
 
Santa María,
Madre de Dios,
Ruega por nosotros
pecadores,
Ahora y en la hora
De nuestra muerte.
Amén
 
CERRAR
CREDO

Creo en Dios, Padre Todopoderoso,
Creador del cielo y de la tierra.
Creo en Jesucristo,
Su único Hijo, Nuestro Señor,
Que fue concebido por obra
y gracia del Espíritu Santo,
Nació de la Santa María Virgen;
Padeció bajo el poder de Poncio Pilato,
Fue crucificado, muerto y sepultado,
Descendió a los infiernos,
Al tercer día resucitó de entre los muertos,
Subió a los cielos
Y está sentado a la derecha de Dios,
Padre Todopoderoso.
Desde allí ha de venir a juzgar
a los vivos y a los muertos.

Creo en el Espíritu Santo,
La Santa Iglesia Católica,
La comunión de los santos,
El perdón de los pecados,
La resurrección de la carne
Y la vida eterna. Amén
 
 
CERRAR
DE PROFUNDIS

Desde lo hondo a Ti grito, Señor; Señor,
escucha mi voz;
Estén Tus oidos atentos
a la voz de mi súplica.

Si llevas cuenta de los delitos, Señor,
¿quién podrá resistir?
Pero de ti procede el perdón,
y así infundes respeto.
Mi alma espera en el Señor.

Espera en su palabra;
mi alma aguarda al Señor,
más que el centinela la aurora.
Aguarda Israel al Señor.

Como el centinela la aurora;
porque del Señor viene la misericordia.
la redención copiosa;
y Él redimirá a Israel de todos sus delitos.

Gloria al Padre, al Hijo y al
Espíritu Santo,
como es desde el principio,
es ahora y será por los siglos de los siglos.
Amén

X
GLORIA

Gloria al Padre, al Hijo y al
Espíritu Santo,
como es desde el principio,
es ahora y será por los siglos de los siglos.
Amén

CERRAR
DE PROFUNDIS

Desde lo hondo a Ti grito, Señor;
Señor, escucha mi voz;
Estén Tus oidos atentos a
la voz de mi súplica.

Si llevas cuenta de los delitos, Señor,
¿quién podrá resistir?

Pero de ti procede el perdón,
y así infundes respeto.
Mi alma espera en el Señor.

Espera en su palabra;
mi alma aguarda al Señor,
más que el centinela la aurora.
Aguarda Israel al Señor.

Como el centinela la aurora;
porque del Señor viene la misericordia,
la redención copiosa;
y Él redimirá a Israel de todos sus delitos.

V. Dadles, Señor, a todas las almas
el descanso eterno.
R. Y haced lucir sobre ellas
vuestra eterna luz.
V. Que en paz descansen.
R. Amén.