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Relevant Catholic Divine Inspirations and Holy Lights
And Jesus came into the quarters of Caesarea Philippi: and he asked his disciples, saying: Whom do men say that the Son of man is? But they said: Some John the Baptist, and other some Elias, and others Jeremias, or one of the prophets. Jesus saith to them: But whom do you say that I am?
Simon Peter answered and said: Thou art Christ, the Son of the living God. And Jesus answering, said to him: Blessed art thou, Simon Bar-Jona: because flesh and blood hath not revealed it to thee, but my Father who is in heaven. And I say to thee: That thou art Peter; and upon this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. And I will give to thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven. And whatsoever thou shalt bind upon earth, it shall be bound also in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose upon earth, it shall be loosed also in heaven. Then he severely ordered his disciples that they should tell no one that he was the Messiah, Jesus Christ.
Thou art Peter: As St. Peter, by divine revelation, here made a solemn profession of his faith of the divinity of Christ; so in recompense of this faith and profession, our Lord here declares to him the dignity to which he is pleased to raise him: viz., that he to whom he had already given the name of Peter, signifying a rock, St. John 1. 42, should be a rock indeed, of invincible strength, for the support of the building of the church; in which building he should be, next to Christ himself, the chief foundation stone, in quality of chief pastor, ruler, and governor; and should have accordingly all fulness of ecclesiastical power, signified by the keys of the kingdom of heaven.

Upon this rock: The words of Christ to Peter, spoken in the vulgar language of the Jews which our Lord made use of, were the same as if he had said in English, Thou art a Rock, and upon this rock I will build my church. So that, by the plain course of the words, Peter is here declared to be the rock, upon which the church was to be built: Christ himself being both the principal foundation and founder of the same. Where also note, that Christ, by building his house, that is, his church, upon a rock, has thereby secured it against all storms and floods, like the wise builder, St. Matt. 7. 24, 25.

The gates of hell: That is, the powers of darkness, Death and the underworld, and whatever Satan can do, either by himself, or his agents. For as the church is here likened to a house, or fortress, built on a rock; so the adverse powers are likened to a contrary house or fortress, the gates of which, that is, the whole strength, and all the efforts it can make, will never be able to prevail over the city or church of Christ. By this promise we are fully assured, that neither idolatry, heresy, nor any pernicious error whatsoever shall at any time prevail over the church of Christ.

Loose upon earth: The loosing the bands of temporal punishments due to sins, is called an indulgence; the power of which is here granted.
Gospel according to Saint Matthew 16: 13-19
Douay-Rheims Bible
"Every year on February 22, the Church celebrates the Feast of the Chair of Saint Peter, to commemorate Saint Peterís teaching in Rome.

Already in the second half of the 18th century an ancient wooden chair inlaid with ivory was venerated and traditionally held to be the Episcopal chair on which Saint Peter sat as he instructed the faithful of Rome. In fact, it is a throne in which fragments of acacia wood are visible, which could be part of the chair of Saint Peter, encased in oak and reinforced with iron bands. Several rings facilitated its transportation during processions. Pope Alexander VII commissioned Bernini to build a sumptuous monument which would give prominence to this ancient wooden chair. Bernini built a throne in gilded bronze, richly ornamented with bas-reliefs in which the chair was enclosed: two pieces of furniture, one within the other. On January 17, 1666 it was solemnly set above the altar."
Chair of Saint Peter by Gian Lorenzo Bernini (b.1598 -d. 1659); Tribune Altar of the Cathedra Petri, Saint Peterís Basilica; above on the golden background is the Latin inscription: "O Pastor Ecclesiae, tu omnes Christi pascis agnos et oves" (O Pastor of the Church, you feed all Christís lambs and sheep). http://saintpetersbasilica.org
Thanks to faith, the power of God keeps all of you for the salvation disposed to be revealed at the final moment. This is why you greatly rejoice in spite of the diverse trials you must endure momentarily. In this manner, your faith, once put to the test, will be much more valuable than perishable gold purified by fire, and will become a motive for praise, glory and honor on the day of the revelation of Jesus Christ, because you all love Him and yet you have not seen Him, and you believe without yet having seen him. You rejoice with an uspeakable bliss full of glory, certain to achieve the end of that faith, which is salvation. This salvation has been the object of the search and investigation of the prophets who foretold the grace destined for you all. They tried to discover the time and circumstances signaled by the Spirit of Christ, which was present in them, announcing the sufferings reserved for Christ and the glory that would follow them.

As obedient children do not proceed according to the bad desires you followed before, while you lived in ignorance. Just like the One who called you is saintly, you must also be sainty in your entire conduct, in accordance with what is written: be saintly because I am saintly. And since you call Father the one who, without favoring anyone, judges each one according to their works, live in fear while you are passing through this world. You know that you were rescued from the vain conduct you inherited from your original parents, not with corruptible goods like gold and silver, but with the precious blood of Jesus Christ, without stain and without defect, predestined before the creation of the world and manifested in the last times for your good.

Because of Jesus Christ you believe in God the Father, who has resurrected and glorified Him, in such a manner that your faith and hope are placed in God. Thanks to your obedience to the Truth, you have been purified so as to love each other sincerely like brothers, like those who have been conceived anew, not by a corruptible seed, but by an incorruptible one: the Word of God, alive and eternal.
Because all flesh is like herbs and all its glory like a flower of the field: Herbs dry out and flowers wither.
Yet the Word of the Lord will remain for ever. This is the Word that has been announced: the Good News.
First Epistle of Saint Peter 1: 5-11, 14-25
Hymn to the Prince of the Apostles by Saint Peter Damian
O Prince of the Apostolic Senate! Herald of our Lord! First Pastor of the Faithful! watch over the Flock intrusted to thee.

Lead us through verdant pastures, feeding us with the nourishment of the Word; and lead us, thus fed, into the heavenly fold, whither thou hast already gone.

To thee, Peter, have been delivered the Keys of heavenís gate; and all things, both in heaven and on earth, acknowledge thy authority.

Tis thou that choosest the city where is to be established the rock of the true faith, the foundation of the building, on which the Catholic Church stands immoveable.

Thy shadow, as thou passest by, heals the sick; and Tabitha, that made garments for the poor, was raised to life at thy bidding.

Bound with two chains, thou wast set free by an Angelís power; he bids thee put on thy garments and thy sandals, and lo! the prison door is opened.

To the Father unbegotten, and to the Only-Begotten Son, and to the co-equal Spirit of them both, be praise and kingly highest power. Amen
Christ Handing the Keys of the Kingdom to Saint Peter by Pietro Perugino, Capella Sistina, Vatican, Rome, Italy; http://www.wga
Saint Peter as Pope depicted with the pallium and the Keys to Heaven by Peter Paul Rubens; 1610-1612; Museo Nacional del Prado; Madrid, Spain; http://en.wikipedia.org
Christ Giving the Keys to Saint Peter by Peter Paul Rubens; 1612-1614; Gemšldegalerie, Berlin, Germany; http://en.wikipedia.org
January 18 (Historical) / February 22 (Traditional and New) - The Feast of the Chair of Saint Peter, the Apostle
 
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