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Saint Cyril of Alexandria - Defender of the Mother of God
 
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Saint Cyril of Alexandria - The Divine Motherhood of the Virgin Mary
Saint Cyril of Alexandria - Defender of the Mother of God
Saint Cyril of Alexandria - Defender of the Mother of God
Saint Cyril of Alexandria - Defender of the Mother of God
 
 
 
 

 
 

Maestà: Throne of Mary with Christ Child, angels, saints and apostles in arcades by Duccio di Buoninsegna (1255-60 - d. 1318-19); 1308-11; Museo dell’Opera della Metropolitana, Siena, Italy; commons.wikimedia.org
 
 
Defender of the Divine Motherhood of the Virgin Mary
From the letters by Saint Cyril of Alexandria, Bishop
(Letter 1: PG 77, 14-18, 27-30)


I find it very strange, in an overwhelming manner, that there could be any one who has any doubt as to the Most Holy Virgin being called the Mother of God. In effect, if Our Lord Jesus Christ is God, then why would not the Most Holy Virgin, who gave Him birth, be named the Mother of God? This is the faith that has been transmitted by the disciples of the Lord, even though they did not use this same expression. This has also been taught to us by the holy fathers.

And so, our father Athanasius, of illustrious memory, in the book he wrote regarding the Holy and Consubstantial Trinity, in his third dissertation, gives the Most Holy Virgin the title, Mother of God.

I feel the need to quote here his own words, that say: "The goal of sacred Scripture, as we have so many times seen, consists in affirming Christ, our savior, in these two declarations: that He is God and has never ceased to be God, who is the Verb of the Father, his splendor and wisdom; as well as the fact that He Himself, in these latter times, made Himself a Man for us, taking a body from the Virgin Mary, Mother of God."

A little further on he also says: "There have been many holy men, immune to all sin. Jeremiah was sanctified in his mother’s womb, and John the Baptist, before being born, upon hearing the voice of Mary, Mother of God, leapt for joy." These words come from a man absolute dignified in his faith, of whom we can trust with all confidence, since he never stated anything that was not in total concordance with sacred Scripture.

Additionally, the Scripture inspired by God affirms that the Word of God was made flesh, that is to say, that He was united to a human body endowed with a rational soul. Consequently, the Word of God assumed the descendency of Abraham and, fashioning a body for Himself from woman, made Himself participant of the flesh and the blood, in a manner that He no longer is just God, but rather, by His union with our nature, has become Man among us.

Certainly Emmanuel consists of these two things, divinity and humanity. Nevertheless, He is only one Lord Jesus Christ, the one true Son by nature, even though he is both God and Man at the same time; not a deified man on the same footing as those who share in the Divine nature by grace, but true God who, for our salvation, made himself visible to us in human form, as Saint Paul testifies with these words: "When the fullness of time came, God sent His Son, born of a woman, born under the law, to rescue those who were under the law, so that we could receive God by being children by adoption."

PRAYER

LET US PRAY,
O God, who made Your Bishop Saint Cyril of Alexandria an invincible champion of the Divine Motherhood of the most Holy Virgin Mary, grant, we pray, that we, who believe she is truly the Mother of God, may be saved, through the Incarnation of Jesus Christ Your Son, into eternal health and salvation. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Your Son Who lives and reigns with You in the unity of the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever. Amen

Translated from the Spanish by Jan Paul von Wendt - www.corazones.org

 
Defender of the Divine Motherhood of the Virgin Mary
From the letters by Saint Cyril of Alexandria, Bishop
(Letter 1: PG 77, 14-18, 27-30)


I find it very strange, in an overwhelming manner, that there could be any one who has any doubt as to the Most Holy Virgin being called the Mother of God. In effect, if Our Lord Jesus Christ is God, then why would not the Most Holy Virgin, who gave Him birth, be named the Mother of God? This is the faith that has been transmitted by the disciples of the Lord, even though they did not use this same expression. This has also been taught to us by the holy fathers.

And so, our father Athanasius, of illustrious memory, in the book he wrote regarding the Holy and Consubstantial Trinity, in his third dissertation, gives the Most Holy Virgin the title, Mother of God.

I feel the need to quote here his own words, that say: "The goal of sacred Scripture, as we have so many times seen, consists in affirming Christ, our savior, in these two declarations: that He is God and has never ceased to be God, who is the Verb of the Father, his splendor and wisdom; as well as the fact that He Himself, in these latter times, made Himself a Man for us, taking a body from the Virgin Mary, Mother of God."

A little further on he also says: "There have been many holy men, immune to all sin. Jeremiah was sanctified in his mother’s womb, and John the Baptist, before being born, upon hearing the voice of Mary, Mother of God, leapt for joy." These words come from a man absolute dignified in his faith, of whom we can trust with all confidence, since he never stated anything that was not in total concordance with sacred Scripture.

Additionally, the Scripture inspired by God affirms that the Word of God was made flesh, that is to say, that He was united to a human body endowed with a rational soul. Consequently, the Word of God assumed the descendency of Abraham and, fashioning a body for Himself from woman, made Himself participant of the flesh and the blood, in a manner that He no longer is just God, but rather, by His union with our nature, has become Man among us.

Certainly Emmanuel consists of these two things, divinity and humanity. Nevertheless, He is only one Lord Jesus Christ, the one true Son by nature, even though he is both God and Man at the same time; not a deified man on the same footing as those who share in the Divine nature by grace, but true God who, for our salvation, made himself visible to us in human form, as Saint Paul testifies with these words: "When the fullness of time came, God sent His Son, born of a woman, born under the law, to rescue those who were under the law, so that we could receive God by being children by adoption."

PRAYER

LET US PRAY,
O God, who made Your Bishop Saint Cyril of Alexandria an invincible champion of the Divine Motherhood of the most Holy Virgin Mary, grant, we pray, that we, who believe she is truly the Mother of God, may be saved, through the Incarnation of Jesus Christ Your Son, into eternal health and salvation. Through our Lord Jesus Christ, Your Son Who lives and reigns with You in the unity of the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever. Amen

Translated from the Spanish by Jan Paul von Wendt - www.corazones.org



 
 
 
 

 
 

An 18th-century Russian chart of the various types of Bogoroditsa (Mother-of-God) icons;
commons.wikimedia.org
 
 
Prayer of Saint Cyril of Alexandria to the Mother of God

We honour you, O Mary,
Mother of God,
Treasure of the Universe,
Inextinguishable Flame,
Crown of Virginity,
Sceptre of the True Faith,
Indestructible Temple,
Tabernacle of the One whom the World cannot Contain,
and Mother and Virgin.
In your virginal womb you enclosed the immense and incomprehensible One.
Through you the Trinity is glorified
and the Cross is celebrated and adored everywhere on earth.
Through you the Heavens exult with joy,
the angels and archangels are glad,
demons are put to flight,
the demon tempter is cast out of Heaven,
and our fallen nature has again been assumed into Heaven.
It is through you that the Only-Begotten Son of God,
who is the Light, shone amid the nations,
who were seated in darkness and the shadow of death.
What human voice can ever worthily celebrate
the ineffable greatness of Mary?
She is Mother and Virgin at the same time.
Through her, peace has been restored to the world.
What peace?
The peace of Our Lord Jesus Christ, whom Mary has brought forth!
Amen

 
Prayer of Saint Cyril of Alexandria to the Mother of God

We honour you, O Mary,
Mother of God,
Treasure of the Universe,
Inextinguishable Flame,
Crown of Virginity,
Sceptre of the True Faith,
Indestructible Temple,
Tabernacle of the One whom the World cannot Contain,
and Mother and Virgin.
In your virginal womb you enclosed the immense and incomprehensible One.
Through you the Trinity is glorified
and the Cross is celebrated and adored everywhere on earth.
Through you the Heavens exult with joy,
the angels and archangels are glad,
demons are put to flight,
the demon tempter is cast out of Heaven,
and our fallen nature has again been assumed into Heaven.
It is through you that the Only-Begotten Son of God,
who is the Light, shone amid the nations,
who were seated in darkness and the shadow of death.
What human voice can ever worthily celebrate
the ineffable greatness of Mary?
She is Mother and Virgin at the same time.
Through her, peace has been restored to the world.
What peace?
The peace of Our Lord Jesus Christ, whom Mary has brought forth!
Amen



 
 
 
 
 
 
 
June 26 (New) / February 9 (Traditional) - Saint Cyril of Alexandria (376-444), Bishop - Defender of the Divine Motherhood of the Virgin Mary


 
 

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top
X
OUR FATHER

Our Father, Who Art In Heaven
Hallowed Be Thy Name.
Thy Kingdom come,
Thy Will be done
On earth as it is in Heaven.
Give us this day our daily bread
And forgive us our trespasses
As we forgive those who trespass against us.
Liberate us from all temptation[*]
And deliver us from all evil. Amen



[*] Liberate us is in keeping with the original Latin text.
       God usually does not "lead us" to temptation
       (unless we are tested),
       but gives us the grace to overcome and/or resist it
X
HAIL MARY

Hail Mary, full of grace
The Lord is with thee.
Blessed art though among women,
And blessed is the fruit
Of thy womb, Jesus.
 
Holy Mary, Mary of God
Pray for us sinners
Now, and in the hour
Of our death. Amen


 
X
APOSTLE'S CREED

I believe in God, the Father Almighty Creator of Heaven and earth;
And in Jesus Christ, His Only Son, our Lord;
Who was conceived by the
[work and grace of the] Holy Ghost,[*]
Born of the Virgin Mary,
Suffered under Pontius Pilate,
Was crucified, died and was buried.
He descended into the Dead.[**]
On the third day, He rose again;
He ascended into Heaven,
And sits at the right hand of God,
the Father Almighty.
From thence he shall come to judge
the living and the dead.
 
I believe in the Holy Ghost,[*]
The Holy Catholic Church,
The communion of saints,
The forgiveness of sins.
The resurrection of the body,
And life everlasting. Amen


[*] Holy Ghost: may be substituted with the current Holy Spirit.
[**] the Dead: "inferi", the underworld or the dead in Latin.
X
GLORIA

Glory be to the Father, and to the Son,
and to the Holy Ghost[*],
as it was in the beginning, is now,
and ever shall be, world without end.
Amen

[*] Holy Ghost: may be substituted with the current Holy Spirit.
X
DE PROFUNDIS

Out of the depths I have cried to Thee, O Lord:
Lord, hear my voice.
Let Thine ears be attentive
to the voice of my supplication.

If thou, O Lord, wilt mark iniquities:
Lord, who shall abide it.
For with Thee there is merciful forgiveness:
and because of Thy law,
I have waited for Thee, O Lord.

My soul hath waited on His word:
my soul hath hoped in the Lord.
From the morning-watch even until night,
let Israel hope in the Lord.

For with the Lord there is mercy:
and with Him plenteous redemption.
And He shall redeem Israel
from all her iniquities.

Glory be to the Father, and to the Son,
and to the Holy Ghost[*],
as it was in the beginning, is now,
and ever shall be, world without end.
Amen

[*] Holy Ghost: may be substituted with the current Holy Spirit.
X
DE PROFUNDIS

Out of the depths I have cried to Thee, O Lord:
Lord, hear my voice.
Let Thine ears be attentive to the voice
of my supplication.

If thou, O Lord, wilt mark iniquities:
Lord, who shall abide it.
For with Thee there is merciful forgiveness:
and because of Thy law,
I have waited for Thee, O Lord.

My soul hath waited on His word:
my soul hath hoped in the Lord.
From the morning-watch even until night,
let Israel hope in the Lord.

For with the Lord there is mercy:
and with Him plenteous redemption.
And He shall redeem Israel
from all his iniquities.

V. Eternal rest give unto them, O Lord.
R. And let perpetual light shine upon them.
V. From the gate of hell.
R. Deliver their souls, O Lord.
V. May they rest in peace.
R. Amen.
V. O Lord, hear my prayer.
R. And let my cry come unto Thee.
V. The Lord be with you.
R. And with Thy Spirit.

(50 days indulgence to all who pray the De Profundis with V. and R.
"Requiem aeternam" (Eternal Rest) three times a day.
Pope Leo XIII, February 3, 1888)


Let us pray:
O God, the Creator and Redeemer of all
the faithful, we beseech Thee to grant
to the souls of Thy servants the remission
of their sins, so that by our prayers
they may obtain pardon for which they long.
O Lord, who lives and reigns,
world without end. Amen

May they rest in peace. Amen

CERRAR
SIGUIENTE
PADRE NUESTRO

Padre Nuestro,
que estas en los Cielos
Santificado sea Tu Nombre;
Venga a nosotros tu Reino;
Hágase Tu Voluntad
en la tierra como en el cielo.
Danos hoy nuestro pan de cada día;
Perdona nuestras ofensas,
Como también nosotros
perdonamos a los que nos ofenden,
No nos dejes caer en la tentación,
y líbranos del mal. Amén
 
CERRAR
SIGUIENTE
AVE MARÍA

Dios te salve, María,
llena eres de gracia;
El Señor es Contigo;
Bendita Tú eres
entre todas las mujeres,
Y bendito es el fruto
De tu vientre, Jesús.
 
Santa María,
Madre de Dios,
Ruega por nosotros
pecadores,
Ahora y en la hora
De nuestra muerte.
Amén
 
CERRAR
CREDO

Creo en Dios, Padre Todopoderoso,
Creador del cielo y de la tierra.
Creo en Jesucristo,
Su único Hijo, Nuestro Señor,
Que fue concebido por obra
y gracia del Espíritu Santo,
Nació de la Santa María Virgen;
Padeció bajo el poder de Poncio Pilato,
Fue crucificado, muerto y sepultado,
Descendió a los infiernos,
Al tercer día resucitó de entre los muertos,
Subió a los cielos
Y está sentado a la derecha de Dios,
Padre Todopoderoso.
Desde allí ha de venir a juzgar
a los vivos y a los muertos.

Creo en el Espíritu Santo,
La Santa Iglesia Católica,
La comunión de los santos,
El perdón de los pecados,
La resurrección de la carne
Y la vida eterna. Amén
 
 
CERRAR
DE PROFUNDIS

Desde lo hondo a Ti grito, Señor; Señor,
escucha mi voz;
Estén Tus oidos atentos
a la voz de mi súplica.

Si llevas cuenta de los delitos, Señor,
¿quién podrá resistir?
Pero de ti procede el perdón,
y así infundes respeto.
Mi alma espera en el Señor.

Espera en su palabra;
mi alma aguarda al Señor,
más que el centinela la aurora.
Aguarda Israel al Señor.

Como el centinela la aurora;
porque del Señor viene la misericordia.
la redención copiosa;
y Él redimirá a Israel de todos sus delitos.

Gloria al Padre, al Hijo y al
Espíritu Santo,
como es desde el principio,
es ahora y será por los siglos de los siglos.
Amén

X
GLORIA

Gloria al Padre, al Hijo y al
Espíritu Santo,
como es desde el principio,
es ahora y será por los siglos de los siglos.
Amén

CERRAR
DE PROFUNDIS y QUE DESCANSEN EN PAZ

Desde lo hondo a Ti grito, Señor;
Señor, escucha mi voz;
Estén Tus oidos atentos a
la voz de mi súplica.

Si llevas cuenta de los delitos, Señor,
¿quién podrá resistir?

Pero de ti procede el perdón,
y así infundes respeto.
Mi alma espera en el Señor.

Espera en su palabra;
mi alma aguarda al Señor,
más que el centinela la aurora.
Aguarda Israel al Señor.

Como el centinela la aurora;
porque del Señor viene la misericordia,
la redención copiosa;
y Él redimirá a Israel de todos sus delitos.

V. Dadles, Señor, a todas las almas
el descanso eterno.
R. Y haced lucir sobre ellas
vuestra eterna luz.
V. Que en paz descansen.
R. Amén.